Learning theories are formal ideas about how people learn. Some of these theories include: Bloom’s Taxonomy of Educational Objectives, Behaviorism, Cognitive Learning Theories, Social Cognitive Learning and Constructivism. However, the theory that most resonates with me is, Bloom’s Taxonomy of Educational Objectives. This theory states how there are six major classes of learning behaviors, being: Knowledge, Comprehension, Application, Analysis, Synthesis, and Evaluation. However, this theory was revised and restated as verbs, rather than nouns. They were changed to: Remembering, Understanding, Applying, Analyzing, Evaluating and Creating. Remembering allows students to recall, define, memorize, list or repeat. Understanding asks students to describe, classify, discuss, and explain. Applying states that students can choose, use, demonstrate, interpret, solve and write. Analyzing gets the students to compare, contrast, appraise, criticize, differentiate, question, and test the idea. Evaluating lets the students argue, defend, judge and select. Lastly, creating allows students to construct, design, formulate, develop and write. Each behavioral level requires complex thinking, more and more as student’s progress. This is truly what students need. Students need challenges in their learning experiences but, they need to have the skills first, in order to know how to successfully get through these challenges, and that is exactly what this theory does for students. Students can apply these skills not only in their academic lives, but also in their personal lives as well. Specifically, for my future English students, I would implement this theory into my classrooms. I think that having the specific skills of memorizing, explaining, interpreting, writing, comparing and contrasting, arguing and constructing will all apply greatly for students in English classes. For example, when students are assigned to write an essay on comparing and contrasting two texts, then they will be able to apply themselves by having a good argument, have a well-constructed essay, and can memorize, explain, and interpret the two texts successfully.
Curriculum is implemented to include a plan on what tells you to teach to your students, and how the material should be arranged and presented. I honestly have mixed emotions on curriculum for many reasons. One being, it is telling teachers how the material should be arranged and presented, however, I feel as though the way they want it to be presented, might not be the way that students can understand it. Teachers should be able to present the material the best way they know how, that will accommodate the student’s learning, in order for them to successfully receive the material. I am glad the informal curriculum exists because it gives teachers some leverage. Teachers can use outside sources that is not included in the curriculum, and this gives students the chance to connect to the outside world, while also connecting that to the material. Something else that is enforced into education is, National Standards and Common Core State Standards. This movement has advised subject-area associations to state explicitly what students should know and be able to do at each grade. Once again, I think that this is crap because each student learns differently and at different paces. Just because a student does terrible on these standardized tests, does not mean that they aren’t not ready, smart enough, or capable of being successful. For many students, tests are not their strong suit and therefore, many do not perform well. However, their teachers spend months with their students and know exactly what they are capable of. Teachers see the student’s progress throughout these nine months and they are the ones that observe the creativeness, progression, and intelligence that their students obtain. These standardized tests absolutely do not define a student’s learning ability, and I think it is completely unfair that these tests are carried out. It is also unfair for teachers because they have to feel pressured about trying to fulfill these requirements.
Assessment is the progress of gathering information to find out what students are learning. Some of the questions that are associated with assessment are: “What do my students know? And “How are they able to demonstrate that knowledge?” Embedded assessments, in my opinion, seems to be the most effective. Embedded assessment provides feedback to both the student and the teacher about how they are developing their understandings of the concepts presented into the material. I think that this is amazing due to the fact that it is all about howand ifthe students are understanding. Embedded assessments may include: asking students to write a research paper, engage in a debate, and design a project. These can all demonstrate if the students are grasping the information, while also allowing them to be creative in their thought processes. Embedded assessments feel like a natural part of instruction, so it allows the teacher to not feel as though they are trying too hard to enact this assessment.START YOUR OWN FREE WEB